Traumatic Brain Injury and the Eyes.

September 8, 2014

Traumatic Brain Injury or Acquired Brain Injury is an insult to the brain, such as a blow to the head, stroke, or neurological dysfunction. The insult can produce cognitive, sensory or physical impairments; most are amenable to rehabilitation. The following is a list of symptoms of visual problems which can result from brain injuries:

 

  • Blurred vision

  • Sensitivity to light, glare sensitivity

  • Reading difficulties; words appear to move

  • Comprehension difficulty

  • Attention and concentration difficulty

  • Memory difficulty

  • Double vision

  • Aching eyes

  • Headaches with visual tasks

  • Inability to maintain visual contact

  • Reduction or loss of visual field

  • Difficulties with eye movements, such as:

    ocular pursuits (eye tracking ability)

    saccadics (shifting gaze quickly from one point to the other)

    accommodative inability (focusing)

    binocular vision (eye alignment, eye teaming)

  • Visual field loss
     

These visual problems can be successfully decreased or eliminated with various treatments, such as:

  • Vision Therapy

  • Neuro-optometric Rehabilitation Therapy

  • Corrective lenses, such as prism lenses

  • Phototherapy programs (Syntonic Optometry, Light Therapy)
     

Eye muscle surgery (strabismus surgery) is a very questionable treatment option for visual consequences of brain injury, because -- unlike rehabilitative therapy, eye muscle surgery does not treat the problems occurring in the patient's brain.

Taken from Optometrist Network

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